Ruth Bader Ginsburg was an associate justice of the US Supreme Court who died recently This caused a vacancy on the Supreme Court. There are 9 justices on the court which is a full court. Now there are 8 justices and one vacancy.
The Supreme Court reviews cases from the entire United States and their ruling is the controlling law of the country. That is why just one justice on the court is so important. The current names of the justices on the US Supreme Court are Chief Justice John Roberts, Justice Clarence Thomas, Justice Samuel Alito, Justice Neil Gorsuch, Justice Brett Kavanaugh, Justice Sonia Sotomeyer, Justice Elena Kagan, and Justice Stephen Breyer.
Under the US Constitution, Article III, the President has the authority to nominate Justices on the Supreme Court. The US Senate must confirm the new Justice by a majority vote.
On September 26, 2020, President Trump nominated Judge Amy Coney Barrett to serve on the US Supreme Court. Senate Majority Leader McConnell issued a statement that he would hold hearings in the US Senate for her confirmation
The nomination of Judge Amy Coney Barrett has caused controversy because this nomination comes during an election year. In 2016, Senate Majority Leader McConnell refused to consider President Obama’s nominee of Merrick Garland because he was of a different political party. This was legal under the Constitution. However, now, the Majority Leader has stated he will proceed on the nomination of Judge Barrett because he and the President are of the same political party. This has been criticized as being inconsistent. At the present time it is not clear whether Judge Barrett will be confirmed by the Senate.